Kim Il Sung was born on April 15, 1912 in Mangyondae, near Pyongyang, South Korea, and later became a guerrilla fighter against the Japanese occupation. King also fought with Soviet troops during World War II, returned to his hometown to become the prime minister of North Korea, and soon launched the Korean War. He was elected President of the country in 1972 and held that position until his death on July 8, 1994.
Kim Il-sung background and early life
Kim Il Sung was born on April 15, 1912, in Mongyondae, Pyongyang, near Pyongyang, North Korea. His parents fled to Japan with the family in the 1920s to escape Japanese occupation of North Korea. In the 1930s, Kim Jong Sung, who was proficient in Chinese, became a North Korean freedom fighter, fought against the Japanese, and named after one by one in honor of a famous guerrilla fighter. King eventually moved to the Soviet Union for special training, where he joined the Communist Party of China.
King remained in the Soviet Union from 1940 until the end of World War II, during which time he served as a unit within the Soviet army. During this period, Mr. Kim and his first wife, Kim Jong Suk, also had their son, Kim Jong Il.
After being absent for two decades, Kim returned to North Korea in 1945, the country split as the Soviets came to power in the north, and the southern half of the country was allied with the United States.
Kim Jong Il opened a shop to chair the North Korean People’s Committee, which was later known as the Korean Workers’ Party. In 1948, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, headed by Kim Jong Il, was established.
In the summer of 1950, King led a invasion of the South, unifying the North-dominated nations, and initiated the Korean War, after formulating and persuading him of the original skeptical allies Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong.
The United States and other United Nations military forces were involved in the conflict, with casualties on all sides including civilian deaths, eventually reaching 1 million. In July 1953, the armistice of the war was signed and an armistice agreement was signed.
Kim Il-sung – “Great leader” of the country
As the head of state, Kim Jong Il continued to maintain a turbulent relationship with South Korea, and North Korea has become known as a highly controlled, oppressive country. The Korean people must not contact the West. Under the propaganda-based social structure, Kim Jong Il aimed to establish the concept of economic self-sufficiency, and was therefore called a “great leader.”
In late 1972, he was elected president of the country and adopted a domestic policy focusing on militarization and industrialization. There are also hints of a more peaceful relationship with South Korea through the Red Cross.
As South Korea prospered, North Korea’s fate declined in the 1970s, and after the Cold War ended, Soviet foreign aid ceased. Fearing that North Korea’s nuclear program is increasing, former US President Jimmy Carter met with Kim Jong Il in 1994 to discuss the possibility of Western countries providing assistance in exchange for a cessation of their weapons programs. Kim Jong Il also plans to hold a historic meeting with South Korean leader Kim Yong Sam. Kim died on July 8, 1994 in Pyongyang.
Kim Il Sung’s son Jong Il took over as national leader until his death in 2011. Since then, Jong Il Il has been succeeded by his son, Kim Jong-un.
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REF – britannica.com