Edgar Rice Burroughs Childhood, Biography & Facts
Name: Edgar Rice Burroughs
|Dob and Place||September 1, 1875|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||March 19, 1950 (aged 74)|
Encino, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Tarzana, California, U.S.|
|Genre||Adventure novel, fantasy, lost world, sword and planet, planetary romance, soft science fiction, Western|
|Spouse||Emma Centennia Hulbert (1900-1934) (divorced)|
Florence Gilbert (1935-1941) (divorced)
|Children||John Coleman Burroughs|
Who is Edgar Rice Burroughs?
Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 to March 19, 1950) is an American novelist who is known for his outstanding contributions to adventure and science fiction.
Among his most famous works are the jungler Tarzan, the heroic Martian explorer John Carter, and the fictional continent inside the earth, called Pellucidar. Burroughs’ California Ranch is now the center of the Los Tarzana community.
Early Life and Family
Burroughs was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1875 (he later lived on the outskirts of Oak Park for many years), a businessman, four sons of Major George Tyler Burroughs (1833-1913), a civil war veteran, and his wife, Mary E. Zieger Burroughs (1840–1920). His middle name comes from his grandmother, Mary Coleman Rice Burroughs (1802-1889).
He is almost entirely of British descent and has lived in North America since the colonial era.
Through his Rice grandmother, Bales was a descendant of settlers Edmund Rice, one of the British Puritans who moved to the Massachusetts Bay colony in the early 17th century. He once said: “My ancestors can be traced back to Deakin Edmond Rice.” The Burroughs side of the family was also English and moved to Massachusetts at the same time.
Many of his ancestors participated in the American Revolution. Some of his ancestors settled in Virginia during the colonial period, and Burroughs often emphasized his relationship with his family as romantic and belligerent. In fact, at least seven of his close relatives were his relatives. John Adams, the second president of the United States, has been dismissed four times, including his third cousin.
Burroughs is educated in many local schools. He then attended Phillips College in Andover, Massachusetts, before entering the Michigan Military Academy. He graduated in 1895 and did not pass the admission exam at the West Point Military Academy, becoming a 7th American Cavalry Envoy for Grant Castle, Arizona. After being diagnosed with heart disease and therefore not eligible for service, he was discharged in 1897.
Burroughs’ bookshelf, showing Tarzan holding Mars, surrounded by other characters and stories related to his personal interests and profession in the surrounding stories and symbols
Typescript letters from Burroughs to Ruthven Deane, with Tarzana Ranch stationery, explaining the design and meaning of his books. After being discharged, Burroughs worked in many different jobs. During the Chicago Influenza Pandemic in 1891, he spent half a year at his brother’s ranch on the Raft River in Idaho. He was a cowboy at the time, then drifted a bit, and then worked in his father’s Chicago Battery Factory in 1899. Emma Hulbert (1876-1944) was given his childhood sweetheart, in January 1900.
Burroughs joined his brother in 1903 with his brothers, Yale graduates George and Harry, and then the ranchers in the well-known Pocatello area of southern Idaho, as well as partners of the Sweeters-Burroughs mining company. It manages Snake River gold, which has a lot of fate. Dredger, classic bucket dredger.
The Brothers were also the sixth cousins and sisters of the famous miner Kate Rice. Kate Rice is a distinguished and sophisticated professor of mathematics who became the first female prospector of northern Canada in 1914. Journalist and publisher C. Allen Thorndike Rice is also his third cousin.
When the new mine proved to be unsuccessful, the brothers found a location for Burroughs at the Oregon Short Line Railroad Company in Salt Lake City. Burroughs resigned from the railroad in October 1904.
Edgar Rice Burroughs Reception and criticism
Ray Bradbury, speaking of Palestine in an interview with Paris Review, said: “Edgar Rice Palestine will never see herself as a social obligation Promoters and promoters. But it turns out I like to say that because it makes everyone very frustrated. Burroughs is probably the most influential writer in the history of the entire world. ”
Bradbury went on to say, “By giving romance and adventure to boys throughout the generation, Burrus made them go out and decide to be special.”
Rudyard Kipling wrote in My Own Things (published after his death in 1937): “My jungle book lives on a zoo. But all geniuses have written People in the “Ape-Man’s Tarzan” series. I read it, but unfortunately I have never seen it in a movie, and it was the most successful in the movie.
He enjoys the theme of “Jazz” jungle books, and I think he enjoys himself very much. He reportedly said that he wanted to find out how bad a book he could write and “get rid of” was a reasonable ambition. “(Chapter 8,” Working Tools “).
By 1963, Floyd C. Gale of Galactic Science Fiction, discussing a reprint of several Burroughs novels by Ace Books, wrote: “A whole generation has grown to be Burroughs-free.” He said most authors’ books have been out of print for years, and only the “occasionally ridiculous Tarzan movie” reminded the public of his novel.
Gale was surprised, and twenty years later, his books were reissued, Canaveral Press, Dover Publications, and Ballantine Books They were also reprinted.
There are very few critical books on Bales. From an academic point of view, the two books that are most helpful are Erling Holtsmark: Tarzan and Tradition and Edgar Rice Ballers. Stan Galloway’s The Tarzan: A Literary Analysis of Edgar Rice Burroughs’ Tarzan Jungle; and Richard Rupov ( Richard Lupoff): The Adventure Master: Edgar Rice Barus and Balsom: Edgar Rice Barus and The Vision of Mars.
James Gunn named Galloway “one of the best Burroughs scholars in the world”; Galloway called Holzmark “the most important predecessor.”
Edgar Rice Burroughs dies
After the war, Burroughs returned to Ensino, California. After experiencing many health problems, he died of a heart attack on March 19, 1950, and wrote nearly 80 novels. He is buried in Tarzana, California.
When he died, it was believed he was the writer who made the most money from the film, and he received $ 2 million in royalties from 27 Taishan films.
The Science Fiction Hall of Fame was elected to Burroughs in 2003.
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