Name: Amber Augusta Rudd
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Born: 1 August 1963 (age 56)
Marylebone, London, England
Political party Independent (2019–present)
affiliations Conservative (prior to 2019)
Spouse(s) A. A. Gill
(m. 1990; div. 1995)
Relatives Roland Rudd (brother)
Education Cheltenham Ladies’ College
Queen’s College, London
Alma mater University of Edinburgh (MA)
Who is Amber Rudd?
Amber Rudd is a British born Conservative politician. She was appointed as Home Secretary since 2016 and has served as Member of Parliament (MP) for the East Sussex constituency of Hastings and Rye since the 2010 general election, defeating the incumbent Labour member Michael Foster. Rudd is the third female Home Secretary, and fifth woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State.She has held several frontbench positions, including serving as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change from 2015 to 2016. She was appointed Home Secretary in Theresa May’s ministry on 13 July 2016.
Early life and education
Amber Rudd was born on 1 August 1963 in London, the daughter of Ethne Fitzgerald and Tony Rudd (b. 1924), a stockbroker. Her brother is the public relations executive Roland Rudd, chairman of Business for New Europe.
She was educated at Cheltenham Ladies’ College, an independent school in Gloucestershire, and from 1979 to 1981 at Queen’s College, London, an independent day school for girls in London, followed by Edinburgh University where she read History.
After graduating from university, Rudd joined J.P. Morgan & Co., working in both London and New York.
Amber Rudd helped to find extras for the 1994 film Four Weddings and a Funeral, for which she was credited as the “aristocracy co-ordinator”, and appeared briefly in one of the church scenes in the film.
Earlier today the High Commissioner for Barbados Guy Hewitt and I met the UK Visas and Immigration staff in Croydon who are helping the Windrush generation, who are part of our society and have contributed so much, get the documents they need. pic.twitter.com/NXerCCKPFL
— Amber Rudd MP (@AmberRuddHR) April 23, 2018
From 1995, Lawnstone became involved with Zinc Corporation, which intended to mine for zinc in Peru. Rudd became a director, and the family firm was again a significant shareholder. Zinc Corporation never made a profit, and was taken over by Monticello in 1999. Rudd was also a co-director of Monticello between 1999 and 2000. Zinc Corporation was liquidated in 2001; Monticello in 2003.
Between 1998 and 2000 she was a director of two companies based in The Bahamas, Advanced Asset Allocation Fund and Advanced Asset Allocation Management.
Amber Rudd Political career
At the 2005 general election, Rudd was the Conservative candidate for the Labour-held seat of Liverpool, Garston.
Her name was subsequently added to the controversial Conservative A-List and selected to contest the Hastings and Rye constituency in 2006, moving to the Old Town in 2007. In the May 2010 general election, Amber Rudd was elected as the MP for Hastings & Rye with a majority of 1,993 votes. Shortly afterwards, Rudd was elected to serve as a Conservative member on the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee.
Amber Rudd is vice-chairman of the Parliamentary committee on female genital mutilation, which has campaigned against FGM and called for tougher legal penalties in the area. She has championed the cause of sex equality as chairperson of the APPG for Sex Equality, which published a report on women in work.
Rudd chaired a cross-party enquiry into unplanned pregnancies which called for statutory sex and relationships education in all secondary schools. She has also called for a higher proportion of women in Cabinet.
In September 2012, she was made Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne. In October 2013, she became an assistant government whip. In July 2014, Rudd was appointed Minister for the Department for Energy and Climate Change.
Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
Following the 2015 general election, where she held her seat with an increased majority, she was promoted as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change. In May 2015 she was appointed as a member of the Privy Council.
In November 2015 she proposed that the UK’s remaining coal-fired power stations would be shut by 2025 with their use restricted by 2023. “We need to build a new energy infrastructure, fit for the 21st century.” In November 2015 a leaked letter showed that the government was not on course to deliver its Mandatory renewable energy target, leading to accusations from The Ecologist that Rudd had knowingly misled Parliament.
In July 2015, Craig Bennett of Friends of the Earth accused Rudd of hypocrisy in claiming to want to address climate change while at the same time, in his view, “dismantling an architecture of low-carbon policies carefully put together with cross-party agreement over the course of two parliaments”. Rudd replied that “[Government] support must help technologies eventually stand on their own two feet, not encourage a permanent reliance on subsidy.
” Rudd participated in ITV’s referendum debate regarding the European Union. Amber Rudd campaigned for the remain side alongside Nicola Sturgeon and Angela Eagle. They faced Gisela Stuart, Boris Johnson and Andrea Leadsom.
🇬🇧 I recently visited Northern Ireland.
🇬🇧 It was a fabulous visit, learning about how young people are being helped into work.
👇 See more pic.twitter.com/mKDn0dKOJv
— Amber Rudd MP (@AmberRuddHR) September 5, 2019
When Theresa May became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in July 2016, Rudd was appointed Home Secretary, being the fifth woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher, Margaret Beckett, Jacqui Smith and Theresa May.
At the 2016 party conference Rudd suggested that companies should be forced to disclose how many foreign workers they employ, with business leaders describing it as divisive and damaging. The proposal was revealed as a key plank of a government drive to reduce net migration and encourage businesses to hire British staff. However, senior figures in the business world warned the plan would be a “complete anathema” to responsible employers and would damage the UK economy because foreign workers were hired to fill gaps in skills that British staff could not provide.
In October 2016, she negated calls for Australian citizens to obtain easier access to live and work in the United Kingdom following the UK’s departure from the European Union, despite support from UK Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, Boris Johnson, and Australian Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop.
Rudd also dismissed the idea that a free movement zone between British and Australian citizens would be established upon leaving the European Union; a measure supported by former Australian Prime Minister, Tony Abbott, stating “there are no plans to increase immigration from Australia…so I wouldn’t envisage any change”.
Later in October 2016, she decided not to open an inquiry into the events at Orgreave during the 1984 miners’ strike.
Rudd has been actively involved in the campaign for the local fishing fleet in Hastings. Her maiden speech advocated wholesale reform of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).
Rudd has also campaigned successfully for the construction of the Hastings to Bexhill Link Road. In early 2013 the Government gave the road the go ahead for construction after ten years of campaigning. Rudd is now spearheading a campaign called Complete The Link to see the final stage of the road get funding for construction.
In April 2013, a profile of Rudd appeared in the Financial Times which caused upset to some in her constituency as it reported her referring to “people who are on benefits, who prefer to be on benefits by the seaside… moving down here to have easier access to friends and drugs and drink.” She responded by stating that “I am incredibly optimistic about Hastings. I described the well-known problems that Hastings has to the Financial Times but I also talked about the incredible investment in the town, the fact that unemployment is going down and that there are many positive things to say about it.”
Amber Rudd Personal life and Relationship
Rudd married the writer and critic A. A. Gill in 1990 and they had two children. The couple separated in 1995, after Gill entered into a long-term relationship with journalist Nicola Formby. Gill and Rudd later divorced. Gill died in December 2016.
Rudd is a trustee of the Snowdon Trust, an organisation that helps young disabled people access education. Rudd was a director of the Susan Smith Blackburn Prize since 2003, an annual award for a first-time female playwright in the English language. She also serves as a governor of The St Leonards Academy in Hastings.
Amber Rudd Salary and Net Worth
Ms Rudd receives a ministerial salary and a separate source of income for her duties as an MP.
The basic annual salary paid to all MPs as of April 2019 was £79,468, according to the UK Parliament website.
Exclusive: Amber Rudd @AmberRuddHR today announces that she is resigning from the cabinet and quitting the Conservative Party over Boris Johnson’s “purge” of the party and his “failure” to pursue a deal with the EU.
— The Sunday Times (@thesundaytimes) September 7, 2019
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