Who is A. P. J. Abdul Kalam?
APJ Abdul Kalam (aka Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen) was born from October 15, 1931 to July 27, 2015. He is an aerospace scientist and was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering.
For the next forty years, he served as a scientist and scientific administrator, primarily at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), and was closely involved in India’s civilian space program and military missiles. Development work.
So, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is known as the Missile Man of India for developing ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played an important organizational, technical, and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first time since India’s original nuclear test in 1974.
With the support of the ruling Bharatiya Janata party and the then-opposed Indian National Assembly, Kalam was elected India’s 11th president in 2002. He is widely known as the “President of the People” and returns to civilian life after a single term, receiving education, writing and public services. He has received several prestigious awards, including Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.
On July 27, 2015, Kalam collapsed while lecturing at the Shillong School of Management in India, and died of apparent cardiac arrest at the age of 83. Thousands of state-level dignitaries attended the funeral in his hometown of Rameshwaram. Honored statewide.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Early Life and Education
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in a Tamil Muslim family located in the pilgrimage center of Rameswaram, Pampang Island, then in Madras Presidential palace and now Tamil Nadu. His father, Jainulabdeen, was the owner of the ship and the Imam of the local mosque. His mother, Ashiamma, was a housewife.
His father owned a ferry and took Hindu pilgrimages back and forth between Rameswaram and now uninhabited Dhanushkodi.
His ancestors were wealthy merchants and landowners, who owned numerous properties and large tracts of land. Their business involves the grocery trade between the mainland and the island and to and from Sri Lanka, as well as the transportation of pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban.
As a result, the family was awarded the title “Mara Kalam Iyakkivar” (Wooden Boat Steerer), which has been reduced to “Marakier” for many years. However, with the opening of the Panban Bridge to the mainland in 1914, in addition to the ancestral houses, over time, business failed and family property and property were lost.  Kalam’s childhood began to become poor. He sold newspapers from an early age to increase family income.
In his school year, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam has an average grade, but is described as a smart and hardworking student, eager to learn. He spent hours studying, especially math.
After completing his studies at Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram, Kalam continued his studies at St. Joseph’s College in Tidrachirappalli, which later became part of the University of Madras, where he graduated from physics in 1954.
In 1955, he moved to Madras to study aeronautical engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology. When Kalam was working on a senior project, the dean was dissatisfied with his progress and threatened to cancel his scholarship unless the project was completed within the next three days.
Dean APJ Abdul Kalam reached the deadline and impressed the dean, who later said to him: “I put you under pressure and asked you to complete the difficult final the term”. When he ranked ninth in qualifying, he almost missed his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, compared to only eight positions in the International Air Force.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Personal life
Kalam is the youngest of five siblings, the largest of which is his sister Asim Zohra (died in 1997), followed by three older brothers: Mohamed Mutu Mehra Rabay Marakeyel (born November 4, 1916), Mustafa Kalam (died in 1999) and Kassim Mohamed (died in 1995).
He has been extremely close to his older siblings and his family all his life, and will regularly send remittances to his older family, a lifetime of money.
Kalam is known for his integrity and simple lifestyle. He never owns a TV and is used to getting up at 6:30 am or 7 am and falling asleep before 2 am.
His personal possessions are rare, including books, macaroni, some clothing, CD players and laptops. After his death, he spared no effort. His property was inherited by his elder brother, and he grew up.
In the 2011 Hindi movie “I’m Karam”, Karam was portrayed as a positive influence on a poor but clever Rajasthan boy named Chhotu, who changed his name to Karam for his idol.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Career as a scientist
This is my first stage, in which I learned leadership skills from three outstanding teachers-Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, Prof. Satish Dhawan and Dr. Brahm Prakash. This is my time to learn and gain knowledge.
After APJ Abdul Kalam graduated from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Kalam became a member of the Defense Research and Development Organization, joined the Aeronautical Development Agency of the Defense Research and Development Organization (provided by the Indian Government News and Information Agency) as a scientist service ( DRDS).
He started his career by designing small hovercraft, but was skeptical of his choice of work at DRDO. Kalam is also a member of the INCOSPAR committee and works under the leadership of renowned space scientist Vikram Sarabhai.
In 1969, A. PJ Abdul Kalam was reassigned to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), who was the project leader of India’s first satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III), which successfully deployed Rohini in low-Earth orbit in July 1980 Satellite; Kalam independently worked on DRDO’s scalable rocket project for the first time in 1965.
In 1969, Kalam received government approval and expanded the plan to include more engineers.
Karam succeeds K. R. Narayanan as India’s 11th president. He won the 2002 presidential election with 922,884 votes, exceeding 107,366 votes received by Lakshmi Sahgal. His term of office was from July 25, 2002 to July 25, 2007.
After stepping down, A. PJ Abdul Kalam becomes Visiting Professor at Shillong School of Management, India, Ahmedabad School of Management, and Indore School of Management, India; Honorary Fellow, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore; and Trivand, Dean of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram; professor of aerospace engineering at Anna University; and teaching assistant at many other academic and research institutions in India.
He teaches information technology at the International College of Information Technology in Hyderabad, and teaches technology at the Indian Universities of Banaras and Anna University.
On July 27, 2015, Kalam went to Shillong to give a lecture on “Creating a Livable Planet” at Shirong School of Management, India.
He felt a little discomfort while climbing the stairs, but was able to enter the auditorium after a short break. At about 6:35 PM IST, the lecture was only five minutes, and he passed out.
He was rushed to the nearby Bethany Hospital. Upon arrival, he had no pulse or any other signs of life.
Despite being placed in an intensive care unit, Kalam was confirmed to have died of cardiac arrest at 7:45 pm IST. His last words to his assistant Srijan Pal Singh were reportedly: “Funny guy! Are you doing well?
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