Common Complications in Cosmetic Surgery:
Cosmetic surgery is a very big business and a new way of life worldwide. In 2017 alone, Americans spent more than $ 6.5 billion on cosmetic surgery.
From breast augmentation to eyelid surgery, procedures to change our appearance are becoming more common. However, these surgeries do not come without risks.
For many people, the thought of having surgery is very scary. If you are considering plastic surgery, it is important that you are aware of the benefits and risks. Here are some of the most common and popular cosmetic surgery complications.
A hematoma is a pocket of blood that looks similar to a large, painful bruise. It occurs in 1 percent of breast augmentation procedures. It is also the most common complication after a facelift, which occurs in an average of 1 percent of patients. It occurs more commonly in men than women.
Hematoma is a risk in almost all surgeries. Sometimes the procedure involves extra operations to drain the blood if the blood collection is large or growing fast. This may require another procedure in the operating room and sometimes an additional anesthetic.
Seroma is a condition that happens when serum, or sterile body fluid, accumulates beneath the surface of the skin, leading to swelling and sometimes pain. This can happen after any operation, and is the most common complication after a tummy tuck operation, which occurs in 15 to 30 percent of patients.
Because seromas can be easily infected, they are often drained with a needle. This effectively eliminates them, though there is a chance that they will happen again.
3. Blood loss
As with any surgery, some loss of blood is expected. However, uncontrolled blood loss can lead to a drop in blood pressure with potentially deadly consequences.
Blood loss can occur while on the operating table, but also internally, after surgery.
Although post-operative care includes steps to reduce the risk of infection, it remains one of the most common complications of plastic surgery.
For example, infections occur in 1.1 to 2.5 percent of the Source of people who are breastfed.
Cellulitis of the skin infection can occur after surgery. In some cases, infections can be both internal and severe, requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics.
5. Nerve damage
The potential for nerve damage is present in many different types of surgical procedures. Lack of feeling and tingling are common after plastic surgery and can be signs of nerve damage. Damage to the nerve is usually temporary, but in some cases it can be permanent.
Most women experience a change in sensitivity after breast augmentation surgery, and 15 percent experience permanent changes in nipple sensation.
6. Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where blood clots form in deep veins, mostly in the leg. When these clots break away and travel to the lungs, it is called pulmonary embolism (PE).
These complications are relatively uncommon, affecting only 0.09 percent of all patients undergoing plastic surgery. However, these clots can be fatal.
Abdomeninoplasty procedures have a slightly higher rate of DVT and PE, affecting just under 1 percent of patients. The risk of clots is 5 times higher for people who have multiple treatments than people who have only one procedure.
7. Organ damage
Liposuction can be traumatic to the internal organs.
Perforations or visceral punctures can occur when the surgical probe comes into contact with internal organs. Repairing these injuries may require additional surgery.
The perforations can also be fatal.
8. Scarring and Marks
Surgery usually results in some scarring. Because cosmetic surgery seeks to improve the way you look, scars can be especially upsetting.
Hypertrophic scarring, for example, is an unusually high and dense scar. Along with smooth, hard keloid scars, it occurs in 1.0 to 3.7 percent of belly bags.
9. Dissatisfaction of general appearance
Most people are satisfied with their results after surgery, and research suggests that most women are satisfied with breast augmentation surgery. But disappointment with the results is a real possibility. People having breast surgery may experience contouring or asymmetry problems, while those who have facial surgeries may not like the result.
10. Complications from anesthesia
Anesthesia is the use of medication to make you unconscious. It allows patients to have surgery without feeling the procedure.
Sometimes general anesthesia can lead to complications. These include lung infections, stroke, heart attacks and death. Awareness of anesthesia, or waking up in the middle of surgery, is very rare but also possible.
More common risks of anesthesia include:
nausea and vomiting
wake up confused
Plastic surgery complications are generally rare. According to a 2018 review of over 25,000 cases, complications occur in less than 1 percent of outpatient surgeries.
As with most practices, the complications of plastic surgery are more common in some people. For example, smokers, older adults, and people who are obese are more prone to complications.
You can reduce your-risk of unwanted side effects by fully taking your time to vet your doctor and their qualifications. You should also investigate the facility where your surgery will take place.
Educating yourself about the procedure and potential risks, and discussing your concerns with your doctor, will also help you manage your expectations and reduce the risk of complications.
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REF : healthline